U.N. Arab-European draft resolution on Syria to stress need to solve crisis peacefully

By: Talal Alhaj

The latest Arab-European draft resolution on Syria will be distributed by Morocco among the members of the U.N. Security Council on Friday, sources close to Al Arabiya said.

The new draft, obtained by Al Arabiya, expresses “grave concern” at the deterioration of the situation in Syria and the continued transfer of weapons into the country. It calls for an immediate end to violence and urges the Syrian authorities to “fully cooperate” with the Arab League mission.

The draft underscores strong commitment to the “sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity” of Syria and emphasizes the need to resolve the current crisis peacefully.

The text of the Arab-European draft resolution on Syria:

The Security Council,

pp1 Recalling its presidential statement of 3 August 2011,

pp2 Recalling General Assembly resolution A/Res/66/176 of 19 December, as well as Human Rights Council resolutions S/16-1, S/17-1 and S/18-1,

pp3 Recalling the League of Arab States’ request in its decision of 22 January 2012 [UNSC document #],

pp4 Expressing grave concern at the deterioration of the situation in Syria, and profound regret at the death of thousands of people and calling for an immediate end to all violence,

pp5 Welcoming the League of Arab States’ Action Plan of 2 November 2011 and its subsequent decisions, including its decision of 22 January 2012, and supporting full implementation with the aim of a peaceful resolution of the crisis,

The latest Arab-European draft resolution on Syria will be distributed by Morocco among the Security Council members.

pp6 Noting the deployment of the League of Arab States’ observer mission, noting the decision of the League of Arab States of 22 January 2012 to reinforce and extend the mission for one month, urging the Syrian authorities fully to cooperate with the mission through implementing all the terms of the Protocol of 19 December 2011 and the Action Plan of 2 November 2011, and recalling the Syrian authorities’ responsibility to protect the observers,

pp7 Underscoring the importance of ensuring the voluntary return to their homes in safety and security of those who have fled from violence, including Syrians who have fled to neighboring countries,

pp8 Expressing grave concern at the continued transfer of weapons into Syria which fuels the violence and calling on Member States to take necessary steps to prevent such flow of arms,

pp9 Mindful that stability in Syria is key to peace and stability in the region,

pp10 Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Syria, emphasizing the need to resolve the current crisis in Syria peacefully, and stressing that nothing in this resolution compels States to resort to the use of force or the threat of force,

pp11 Welcoming the engagement of the Secretary-General and all diplomatic efforts aimed at addressing this situation,

1. Condemns the continued widespread and gross violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms by the Syrian authorities such as the use of force against civilians, arbitrary executions, killing and persecution of protestors and members of the media, arbitrary detention, enforced disappearances, and interference with access to medical treatment, torture, sexual violence, and ill-treatment, including against children;

2. Demands that the Syrian Government immediately put an end to all human rights violations and attacks against those exercising their rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association, protect its population, fully comply with its obligations under applicable international law and fully implement the Human Rights Council resolutions S-16/1, S-17/1, S-18/1 and the General Assembly resolution A/RES/66/176;

3. Demands that all parties in Syria, including armed groups, immediately stop all violence or reprisals, including attacks against State institutions, irrespective of where it comes from, in accordance with the League of Arab States’ initiative;

4. Recalls that all those responsible for human rights violations, including acts of violence, must be held accountable;

Implementation of the League of Arab States’ decisions

5. Demands that the Syrian Government, in accordance with the Plan of Action of the League of Arab States of 2 November 2011 and its decision of 22 January 2012, without delay:

(a) cease all violence;

(b) release all arbitrarily detained persons due to the recent incidents;

(c) withdraw all Syrian military and security forces from cities and towns, and return them to their barracks;

(d) guarantee the freedom of peaceful demonstrations;

(e) allow full and unhindered access and movement for all relevant League of Arab States’ institutions and Arab and international media in all parts of Syria to determine the truth about the situation on the ground and monitor the incidents taking place; and

(f) allow full and unhindered access to the League of Arab States’ observer mission;

Political roadmap

6. Calls for an inclusive Syrian-led political process conducted in an environment free from violence, fear, intimidation and extremism and aimed at effectively addressing the legitimate aspirations and concerns of Syria’s people, and encourages Member States to work with the Syrian opposition and all sections of the Syrian society to contribute to this process;

7. Fully supports in this regard the League of Arab States’ initiative set out in its 22 January 2012 decision to facilitate a political transition leading to a democratic, plural political system, in which citizens are equal regardless of their affiliations or ethnicities or beliefs, including through commencing a serious political dialogue between the Syrian government and the whole spectrum of the Syrian opposition under the League of Arab States’ auspices, in accordance with the timetable set out by the League of Arab States, aimed at:

(a) formation of a national unity government;

(b) delegation by the President of Syria’s of his full authority to his Deputy to fully cooperate with the national unity government in order to empower it to perform its duties in the transitional period; and

(c) transparent and free elections under Arab and international supervision;

7bis. Encourages the League of Arab States to continue its efforts in cooperation with all Syrian stakeholders;
Observer mission

8. Calls upon the Syrian authorities to cooperate fully with the League of Arab States’ observer mission, in accordance with the League of Arabs States’ Protocol of 19 December 2011, including through granting full and unhindered access and freedom of movement to the observers;

9. Stresses the need for all to provide all necessary assistance to the mission;

International support and cooperation

10. Demands that the Syrian authorities cooperate fully with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and with the Commission of Inquiry dispatched by the Human Rights Council, including by granting it full and unimpeded access to the country;

10. Calls upon the Syrian authorities to allow full and unimpeded access for humanitarian relief personnel in order to ensure the timely delivery of humanitarian aid to persons in need of assistance;

11. Requests the Secretary-General to take all necessary measures to provide support for the efforts of the League of Arab States, including its observer mission, in promoting a peaceful solution to the Syrian crisis;

12. Takes note of the measures imposed by the League of Arab States on the Syrian authorities on 27 November 2011, and encourages all States to adopt similar steps and fully to cooperate with the League of Arab States in the implementation of its measures;

Follow-up

13. Requests the Secretary General to report on the implementation of this resolution, in consultation with the League of Arab States, within 15 days after its adoption and to report every 15 days thereafter;

14. Decides to review Syria’s implementation of this resolution with 15 days and, in the event that Syria has not complied, to adopt further measures, in consultation with the League of Arab States;

15. Decides to remain seized of the matter.

Source: Al-Arabiya

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